The president of the United States will announce today at 2 p.m. EST whether or not the U.S. will pull out of the landmark Iran Nuclear Deal.
It is expected that the president will announce that sanctions against Iran will indeed be implemented, which would be the first step in U.S. withdrawal from the deal.
The president reportedly spoke with French President Emmanuel Macron this morning, with French sources familiar with the call referring to it as, “very, very disappointing.”
Vice President Mike Pence has apparently begun making calls to congressional leaders to brief them on the president’s decision prior to the official announcement at 2 p.m. EST.
Macron spent time with the U.S. president in April and attempted to convince him to reconfigure the deal rather than walk away entirely.
The Iran Nuclear Deal, or the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), was established in July 2015 by the U.N. Security Council’s five permanent members – China, France, Russia, the U.K., and the U.S. – as well as Germany, and was later incorporated into international law.
Negotiated in Vienna, Austria over the course of two years’ worth of intensive diplomatic talks, the deal ended 12 years of political tension surrounding Iran’s nuclear program by implementing policies to restrict Iran’s nuclear capabilities in return for relief from strict sanctions.
Another key part of the JPCOA was Iran’s acceptance of intense scrutiny and monitoring on the part of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEF), which has confirmed 10 times since the agreement was signed that Iran is in fact complying with all terms as outlined by the JPCOA.
Because of their fulfillment of the agreement, all nuclear-related sanctions against Iran were lifted in January 2016, which many hoped would signal the return to normal relations between Iran and the west.
However, no deal is perfect.
While the JPCOA did a fantastic job addressing Iran’s nuclear program, it did little to restrict Iran’s subversive activities in the region, such as funneling arms and funds to various antagonistic groups in the area such as Hezbollah and Houthi rebels in Yemen.
It also fell short in restricting Iran’s ballistic missile program, which, although not nuclear themselves in nature, could provide Iran with the technology and capability to launch nuclear warheads at a later time.
Yes, the JPCOA has issues, but it is a far more effective measure against Iran’s nuclear program than no deal at all, or just sanctions by themselves; we tried that for nearly 15 years and got nowhere.
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To read the full text of the JPCOA, click here.